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要成为一流人才的三大步

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发布时间:2009-06-21 您阅读本文时间:


成为一流人才的三个步骤

 

范子盛 编译

 

我阅读了无数成功人士的传记——不仅是书,也包括你经常看到的公司网站“关于我们”栏目的耀眼宣传。许多的传记都写得雷同让人不明所以。有多少次,你从一大串闪光的学位之后,读到了“拥有15年团队领导经验”的句子?这些确实了不起,但是你知道遗失了什么吗?你知道究竟是什么让这些名人取得了出类拔萃的成就呢?

一、认识工作之外的爱好和激情的重要性

陈旧的思想让我们将工作和玩截然分开,但是在这个周末休闲转化为每日休闲的时代,真实的情况是,个人兴趣对人们的成功发挥了非常大的作用,特别是对于创意领域的人来说更是如此。这意味着每样工作都需要创造性的想法推动其前进。

如果一位有头脑物理学家喜欢设计滑冰鞋,你会怎么想?首先会觉得好笑,杀鸡焉用牛刀,大材小用。但是请考虑以下两个领域的共同性:匀称的美感和运动的人体,或许不是很明显,但也许你不难发现其中的深刻意义。

世界公认的最著名的物理学家之一的加来道雄(Michio Kaku)是一位充满了魅力,重量级的,继卡尔·萨根(Carl Sagan)之后的伟大科学家和科普家。很显然,他在他的领域非常的成功,而他的成功在很大程度上归功于他独特的技能,他具备对真实世界的科学的了解,同时又能将科学创作成悬疑小说,这样的双面技能使他获得了优势。因此他成了媒体明星,经常站在聚光灯下。

无独有偶的是,一些影响深远的伟大的科学家同时也是音乐家:艾伯特·爱因斯坦善于演奏小提琴,布莱恩·考克斯(Brian Cox)是摇滚乐队电子合成器的演奏者,音乐演奏本身需要很高的节奏感和韵律感,如果你能当众演奏,你就能用超凡的魅力和神奇的能力感染观众。

许多名人具有良好的音乐素养,他们懂得欣赏甚至会演奏音乐——但是在他们的传记上,你却看不到他们对音乐的精通程度。或许可以这样说,在大师的身上有一些才能被隐藏了起来,成为了隐性的才能,但是这些隐性的才能对人的成功同样发挥着不可估量的作用。

二、发现你正式工作之外的才能

什么才能是你正式工作之外的,但是仍然对你有用的?

比方说,很小的时候我就喜欢随意写些小故事,十多岁时我又学会了印刷。如今我作为常任文化经理,我需要做大量的交往工作。尽管文本写作并不是我正式的职责,但是在突出宣传产品特性的时候,我的写作背景就能发挥用场。

另一个有趣的例子:史蒂夫·乔布斯。无数关于乔布斯的传记(尽管这些传记都是非官方的)提到书法训练是促使他发展出领先于时代的苹果个人计算机的一个推动因素。书法可以培养对于技术的理解能力和美学的鉴赏能力,正是因为具备了这种罕有的洞察力,乔布斯才能成为一位偶像人物。

不管时代如何变化,你总是会发现非凡的人物他们之所以能够取得巨大的成功,那是因为他们将看似不相干的各种能力编织成了一张梦幻般的网,换言之,他们有很高的综合素质,他们是复合型的人才。也只有这样的人才能取得魔术般的成功。当然这样做付出的努力也是巨大的。

三、将才能组合起来,成就完美的你

在一张纸的左边写出你瞬间想到的一生中喜欢从事的职业。这些可以是你特别的成就(你解决了特别棘手的问题),光荣的时刻(老板在公司会议上表扬了你),等等。甚至你在网络上发现了什么引以为豪的事情也可以列入。

在纸的右边写下你的业余爱好和休闲活动。不要花太多的时间,五分钟就够了。

在纸的中间画一条线,就像一堵墙将两者分开。

现在,开始有趣的部分:将左右两侧具有相关性的事务圈起来,再画一条线将中间的“墙”打破,让两者连接。举例来说,你为客户设计了一个网站。而头天你玩了一场极限飞盘的活动,而极限飞盘有着催眠效果的运动给你带来了灵感,你决定对网站实施新的色彩搭配。这样你就在“获奖网站设计”和“飞盘”上画圈,并且将两者用线连接起来。

两者之间的关联性于是很清晰了。认识你身上看似风马牛不相及但实际上可以相互效力的多元性,你就可以站得更高,获得更多成功的机会。

正如物理学上有时空折叠理论(folding space-time theory ),你可以将你具备的各种不同的才能优化组合,从而形成更加完美统一的你。

 

译者注:文中提到的加来道雄是当今高能物理和理论物理学中超弦理论(SUPERSTRING)的发明者之一,日裔美国人,有著作九本,其中包括《穿梭超时空:十度空间科学奇航》,他同时也是美国著名电视节目的常客,曾为“夜线”、“赖利·金脱口秀”与“六十分钟”的座上宾。卡尔·萨根是美国天文学家,1934年生于纽约,他主要的兴趣是行星的格面和大气。他创立了金星大气的温室模型,解释了金星令人费解的高温现象。卡尔·萨根是世界一流的天文学家和科学活动家,文笔优美,其科普作品堪称经典,具有透彻的哲理性、厚重的历史感和异乎寻常的洞察力。享誉世界的科普大师阿西莫夫认为萨根为“历史上最成功的科学普及家”。卡尔·萨根常常使用诗一般的语言写科普著作,例如,他在《暗淡蓝点》中写道,“我们是在宁静的海洋上航行的水手,我们感受到了微风的吹拂。”布莱恩·考克斯是欧洲粒子物理研究所和英国高能离子研究所的专家。史蒂夫·乔布斯是苹果公司的创始人。

 

 

Achieve Unique Success by Emphasizing Unique Skills



I’ve read innumerable seas of professional biographies — not books, but blurbs you often see on the “About” section of a company’s website. Most of them are boring, presenting similar information in a Mad Libs-style cookie-cutter format. How many times have you seen a phrase like “brings over 15 years of experience to the team” in a bio, followed by a list of prestigious educational degrees? These do matter, but you know what’s missing?

Hobbies and passions off the job.

Antiquated thinking would have us not mix work and play, but in an era where Casual Fridays have turned into Casual Everydays, the truth is someone’s personal interests have a lot to do with their success, particularly if they’re in an idea-centric field. Which means just about every job that has problems which require creative thinking to move forward.

If it was revealed that a brainy physicist likes to figure skate, what would that tell you? At first glance, it seems like academia-meets-the-ice isn’t a good idea. But think about the similarities between the two fields: beauty in symmetry, bodies in motion, and perhaps not-so-obvious, a profound public presence.

I’m referring to Michio Kaku, who is undoubtedly one of the most renowned physicists in the world. He’s a heavyweight hitter of grace, continuing Carl Sagan’s lineage of science popularizers. Clearly, he’s very successful at what he does, and a large part of his success comes from his diverse skillset, including a knack for Siamese-twinning real-world science with speculative fiction. This has made him into a media star, with each spotlight appearance feeding another.

It’s no coincidence some of the most profound and popular scientists are also musicians: Albert Einstein played the violin, and Brian Cox rocks out on synths. music performance itself requires a sense of timing, pitch, and if you’re doing it in front of others, charisma and the uncanny ability to engage the audience.

Many charismatic personalities are either avid music listeners or players themselves — but you won’t find their sonic proficiencies on their bio. These might as well be called unsung skills.

Think about yourself…

What skills do you have that aren’t officially job responsibilities, but get applied nonetheless?
For example, when I was a wee tot, I scribbled stories. As a teenager, I learned about typography. Now at my job as a Resident Enlightenment Manager, I do a lot of communication. While copywriting isn’t formally amongst my responsibilities, when highlighting new product features, my background in writing comes into play every single time.

Here’s another wonderful example: Steve Jobs. Numerous bios of Jobs (none of which are official, but that’s another story) cite his schooling in calligraphy as a driving factor for why the early Mac computers were so far ahead in terms of graphics. It takes a rare mind to appreciate both technical underpinnings and aesthetic excellence, and Jobs is now an icon because of insights like that.

Time and time again, you’ll find remarkable humans who have achieved tremendous results because they wove a deceptively unrelated web of talents together. By making magic that could’ve only come from them, it paid off big.

Do this fun exercise:

On the left-hand side of a piece of paper, write a list of your favorite career moments across your entire life. They can be specific achievements (you solved an especially thorny problem), glowing moments (your boss praised you at a company party), etc. Even if you telecommute, find something you’re proud of.

Beside it on the right, write a list of your hobbies and leisure activities off the job. Don’t spend too much time on this: 5 minutes is good.

Draw a vertical line between the two. Like a wall that separates them.

Now, the fun part: draw circles around something in the left column that happened because of something on the right. Join them with a line that breaks through the center “wall”. For example, you were designing a website for a client. Later that day while playing Ultimate Frisbee, the mesmerizing patterns of the disc inspired you to experiment with a new color scheme which turned out to be a hit! So, you’d circle both “webdesign project that won me prizes” and “frisbee”, and connect them with a line.

The connections are now much clearer. By recognizing how various parts of you falsely appear miles apart but are actually adjacent in their applicability, you stand a much higher chance of succeeding at what’s important.

Just as physicists theorize about folding space-time, you can fold the distances between skills for a better, unified you.

 

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