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维州花500万澳元建自行车租赁网

文章来源:时代报 文章作者:
发布时间:2009-05-03 您阅读本文时间:


(墨尔本时代报讯)墨尔本将仿照巴黎建立城市自行车租赁站系统,这种自行车租赁站将遍布城市中心,租赁价格也具吸引力。预计政府将在新的财政预算上加上扶持自行车租赁站的500万澳元。

道路厅长Tim Pallas本周将公开招标,50个租赁站中将有600辆自行车待租。这些租赁站也会在议会大楼、联邦广场、墨尔本大学等处设点。这项建立自行车租赁站的计划将于明年开始实行。 Pallas还表示州政府希望在全州建立统一的租赁系统.

在世界其他国家,也有很多城市建立了类似的网络,租赁者按每天、每周或每年的计费方式缴纳租金,也可使用信用卡,他们从较近的租赁站中取车,并在离目的地较近的租赁站停车。通常情况下,前半小时是免费的,之后每半小时大约收费1澳元。

全世界运作最政工的自行车租赁系统是巴黎的Velib,这个系统共有1450个租赁站和2万两自行车。自从2007年开始运营以来,Velib共有420万次租借记录。但是也有其弊端:起初的1.5万两自行车中有7800辆丢失,工作人员屡次发现租赁站的自行车被丢在塞纳河边。为了防止偷盗和故意损坏,法国租赁站向租借者收取270元的押金,这些车看起来又丑又重,不容易被盗

MELBOURNE will soon have a Paris-style network of cheap public bike hire stations in the inner city, with the State Government committing $5 million to the scheme in Tuesday's budget.

Roads Minister Tim Pallas will call this week for tenders to run the network, which will supply 600 bikes for hire at 50 docking stations, including Parliament House, Federation Square, Southern Cross Station and Melbourne University. The scheme is due to start next year.

Under similar schemes in dozens of cities around the world, riders pay for daily, weekly or yearly memberships, or use a credit card. They take a bike from one station and leave it at another near their destination. In almost all schemes, the first half-hour is free and the half hour after that costs about $1.

Mr Pallas said the Government wanted a system that had worked elsewhere: "We are seeking an organisation that has successfully implemented a scheme elsewhere in a comparable environment."

The world's most successful public bike hire scheme is Paris' Velib network, which has 20,000 bikes and 1450 stations. Since it began in July 2007, the Velib has been used 42 million times. But it has had its problems.

Of the initial 15,000 Paris bikes, 7800 went missing. Bikes were reportedly found hanging from lamp posts and in the River Seine. Some were spotted in Africa. A craze known as "Velib extreme" took hold for a while, whereby the clunky bikes were seen on YouTube being ridden on BMX tracks.

In February, JCDecaux, the company that runs the Paris system in exchange for access to 1600 city-owned outdoor advertising spaces, complained it could no longer afford the maintenance (although some claimed this was merely a tactic in the company's renegotiation of its contract with the City of Paris).

Documents obtained this year by The Age under freedom-of-information laws show that the Transport Department expects 15 per cent of the bikes could go missing each year.

Under the Paris scheme, to fight theft and vandalism, riders' credit cards have about $270 held as a deposit. Bikes are often heavy and look unattractive, and newer models are harder to steal.

Montreal's BIXI bikes, one of Time magazine's 50 best inventions of 2008, have radio frequency identification so they are easily tracked. BIXI stations are web-enabled, solar powered and portable.

Another report for the Victorian Government, by engineers SKM, recommended speed limits be reduced in Melbourne from 50 km/h to 30 km/h.

This would "lead to very significant reductions in casualty accidents between vehicles, cyclists and pedestrians," the report said. But Mr Pallas' office yesterday said speed limits would not change.

The tender is likely to deal with how head protection, compulsory in Melbourne, is incorporated into the network.

Lord Mayor Robert Doyle welcomed the scheme, which will be run with the City of Melbourne. "We hope that people who regularly travel around the city … will support the scheme," he said.

It seems Brisbane will be the first Australian city with a public bike hire scheme. It signed a 20-year contract with JCDecaux in January and hopes to have its network running by next March.

A swipe card will cost $55 a year, $25 a quarter, or $10 a day; the first half-hour will attract no extra costs.

Public bike hire schemes operate on different models around the world. The most popular is the JCDecaux type, where an advertising company runs the system in exchange for access to city-owned outdoor advertising spaces.

In other schemes, riders have codes to unlock bikes texted to their phones or register online.

US bike maker Trek has announced a scheme that gives users details about distance travelled, calories burned and carbon offsets.


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